The Tuscany capital of Florence is located in Central Italy and is the most mesmerising city to visit. Places to visit in Florence make it a mix bag full of beautiful churches, buildings, piazzas and lip-smacking delicacies. Florence is the homeland of Renaissance art and architecture. Among the favourite Places to visit in Florence is the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore is famous for its coloured marble exterior, red-tiled dome and the Giotto Tower. Visit the stone arched bridge of Ponte Vecchio which is thirty metres long and the only bridge left alone during the Second World War. Uffizi Gallery was once the office of the Magistrates thus retaining the name Üfiizi is the prime collector of Renaissance paintings and artefacts. The Basilica of Santa Croce is known for its sixteen chapels but what catches the eye is the Capella de Pazzi and it is also the resting place of great minds giving it the moniker of Pantheon of Florence.
Earlier known as the Istituto e Museo di Storia Della Scienza is one of the Top places to visit in Florence. The Museo Galileo celebrates the works of the great astronomer and scientist Galileo Galilei and is located in Piazza Dei Giudici beside the River Arno and is in the same vicinity as the Uffizi Gallery. There are eighteen themed areas where nine rooms on the first floor are dedicated to the Medici Collections with permanent exhibits of two rare telescopes used by Galileo and also the lens of the telescope with which Galileo discovered the Galilean moons of Jupiter, besides a collection of celestial globes as well as thermometers used by members of Accademia Del Cimento. The nine rooms on the second floor have scientific apparatus collected by the Lorraine Dynasty and display the advancement of chemistry and electricity. The museum also houses the finger of Galileo’s right hand.
The best places to visit in Florence is the Pitti Palace owned by Cosimo l de Medici and his wife Eleanor of Toledo; soon the palace became the torchbearer of Medici’s authority over Tuscany. With a glorious past, it is in present times divided into five different museums. Palatine Gallery and Royal Imperial Apartments are the crown of the first floor with five hundred paintings which are master strokes by Raphael, Titian, Caravaggio and Rubens. The frescos done by Pietro da Cortona lend an alluring charm to the Planet Rooms”.The section of “Treasury of the Grand Dukes “has a delectable collection of arts from Medici’s Summer Apartments which was earlier known as the Silver Museum. Treasure of Salzburg is a collection of silverware from the Bishop of Salzburg along with jewellery from the 17th to 20th centuries. The Porcelain Museum is part of the mezzanine of the Pitti Palace and mainly showcases the table porcelain used by the Royal House of Medici.
Leaning Tower of Pisa
One of the best places to visit in Florence is the famous Leaning Tower of Pisa. The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a “campanile “or a bell tower. It is among the seven new wonders of the world. The unique feature of the tower is the four-degree tilt which happened because it has an unsteady foundation. The tower has an escalating height of 55.86 metres from the ground and has a good cardio regime with around 251 spiralling stairs to reach the bell tower where you can hear the sweet tingling of the seven bells. For the locals, it is the Torre Pendente di Pisa and is located in the city’s main square Piazza del Duomo or Piazza del Miracoli the “Miracles Square “.It took three stages and around 177 years to complete the Tower of Pisa. The tower is the jewel in the crown of Romanesque art and architecture and is the bell tower of the Cathedral of St Mary with an escalating height of 55.86 metres with eight floors.
The Boboli Gardens are located just behind the Pitti Palace which was founded by the Medici family and later became a point of reference for several European courts. The verdant expanse gives the feel of being an outdoor museum with an array of Renaissance statutes. The most prominent structure of the Boboli Gardens is the Kaffehaus which has an onion-shaped dome, which is round in shape with an airy pavilion that was once used to sip on hot chocolate while taking long walks in the gardens. Madama Grotto ( a natural or artificial cave ) or Grotta di Madama was designed by Davide Fortini and is part of the Boboli Gardens with an artificial rock set in a stone frame. Explore the art of the time with many sculptures and fountains which grace the gardens. Admire the work of Baccio Bandinelli with sculptures like Jupiter seated, Ceres and Apollo. Boboli Gardens Amphitheatre is one of the prominent features of the garden.
A trip to Duomo means you will be visiting six different sights including the Cathedral of Florence which is officially known as the Cathedral di Santa Maria del Fiore which was designed by Arnolfo di Cambio in 1296 and was completed by Filippo Brunelleschi in 1436. The outer facade of the church is made out of polychrome marble panels with hints of green and pink with white marble as their borders. Piazza del Duomo or the Cathedral Square is one of the main highlights of the Florence trip and the west zone of the square is called the Piazza San Giovanni. The Baptistery of St John is an octagonal Baptistery right across from the Duomo Cathedral and the Giotto bell tower. The Museo dell Opera del Duomo is dedicated to preserving the artefacts of greats like Donatello, Robbia and Michelangelo. Last but not least visit the Cupola del Brunelleschi or the Dome with a height of 116 metres and diameter of 45.5 metres is an iconic representation of the Renaissance period.